This is the first in a series of posts designed to help teachers share their lessons and learning better.
I’ve gotten quite involved in the OER(Open Educational Resources) movement the past couple of years, building on a love of open source software in the late 90’s and early 2000’s. While the idea of OER is getting to be more commonplace in higher education, it’s still relatively new in K-12. Even within the US Dept of Ed’s #GoOpen movement, there is a lack of understanding of what it means to be open source.
A common definition that I will use here comes from David Wiley over at opencontent.org/definition :
Retain – the right to make, own, and control copies of the content (e.g., download, duplicate, store, and manage)
Reuse – the right to use the content in a wide range of ways (e.g., in a class, in a study group, on a website, in a video)
Revise – the right to adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself (e.g., translate the content into another language)
Remix – the right to combine the original or revised content with other material to create something new (e.g., incorporate the content into a mashup)
Redistribute – the right to share copies of the original content, your revisions, or your remixes with others (e.g., give a copy of the content to a friend)
Mr. Wiley also uses the ALMA framework to determine if a resources is sufficiently accessible. Essentially, if something is published in a file format like PDF that may make it not able to be edited, then it would be difficult to call it truly ‘open’.
Some common content types (*my own analysis which may be flawed!)
|Youtube Video||Can't download natively||IF CC-licensed||Yes - but only by owner if not CC-licensed||IF CC-licensed||Yes - shareable||Here|
|Google Doc||YES||YES||YES with caveats around proprietary technology (google sign-in)||YES with caveats around proprietary technology (google sign-in)||YES|
|Word Doc||YES||YES||YES with caveats around proprietary technology||YES with caveats around proprietary technology||YES|
I’ll be taking a look at some of these content types and how teachers can actually share with fidelity in the coming weeks!